COLLECTION GUIDES

ca. 1879-1995

Guide to the Photograph Collection

Restrictions on Access

There are restrictions on the use of this collection. Glass plate negatives and lantern slides of any size are not available for research use. Copy photographs or scans may be available for alternative viewing. Consult the Reference Librarian for more information.


Collection Summary

Abstract

This collection consists of photographs of members of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati.

Historical Sketch

The Society of the Cincinnati was formed in 1783 by veterans of the American Revolution to perpetuate the friendships they had developed during the war and to promote its patriotic ideals. The general officers and one officer from each regiment first met on 10 May 1783, and the society was officially established three days later as the "Institution" was proposed, revised, and carried into effect. The society took its name from the historical Roman figure, Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus. George Washington served as its first president, Henry Knox as secretary, and Alexander McDougall as treasurer.

Initially, members were required to have served three years in the army, resigned with honor after three years as an officer, or been placed on inactive duty by a resolution of Congress. In 1854, eligibility requirements were broadened to include officers who had: 1) served three years in the army; 2) died while in service; 3) served in the Continental Army; 4) or been transferred into a reserve unit. This change is referred to as the Rule of 1854. Membership follows a direct male-descent line from the "propositus," or originating member. The general society meets every three years, or whenever deemed necessary by the presiding officers.

The general society was divided into state branches, which met regionally and sent delegates to the triennial general meetings. The Massachusetts chapter of the Society of the Cincinnati was founded on 9 June 1783. The society remains active today, and meetings are still held in Boston.

Sources

The Society of the Cincinnati website: http://www.societyofthecincinnati.org/.

Cobb, Samuel Crocker. Historical Address Delivered on the Occasion of the Centennial Celebration at Boston, Massachusetts July 4, 1883. Boston: Printed by order of the Society, 1883.

Drake, Francis S. Memorials of the Society of the Cincinnati of Massachusetts. Boston: Printed for the Society, 1873.

Memorials of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati. Boston: Printed for the Society, 1890.

Collection Description

Collection of photographs related to the membership and activities of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati includes two albums of cabinet card and carte de visite photographs of members of the Society around the time of the Society's centennial in 1883. Loose photographs include portraits and miscellaneous photographs of society-related memorabilia and activities including meetings and receptions. An oversize album contains 463 color photographs taken at the triennial meeting of the society in Boston, 18-21 May 1995, taken by Society member F. Gorham Brigham III. Additional photographers include William H. Wardwell, Metcalf & Welldon, and Augustus Marshall of Boston, among others.

Restrictions on Access

There are restrictions on the use of this collection. Glass plate negatives and lantern slides of any size are not available for research use. Copy photographs or scans may be available for alternative viewing. Consult the Reference Librarian for more information.

Acquisition Information

Deposited by the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati, November 1966, with subsequent additions.

Detailed Description of the Collection

I. Albums

A. "The Cincinnati" Massachusetts Society, 1879

Arranged according to their order in the volume.

Album of cabinet photographs and cartes de visite of members of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati.

Vol. 1Page 1#346.01
Webster, William Arthur, 4 July 1898.Taken by J. W. McAdam, Springfield, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 2#346.02
Casey, Thomas Lincoln (1831-1896).Taken by George Prince, Washington, D.C.
Vol. 1Page 3#346.03
Peirce, Henry A. (1808-1885).Taken by J. Bradley & Rulofson, San Francisco.
Vol. 1Page 4#346.04
Unidentified man.Taken by M. Smith, Poughkeepsie, N.Y.
Vol. 1Page 5#346.05
Clarke, Samuel C. (b. 1806).Taken by R. Waitz, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 5#346.06
Sever, Winslow W. (1832-1894).Taken by Bogardus, New York, N.Y.
Vol. 1Page 5#346.07
Alden, Samuel (1803-1885).Taken by D. T. Burrell, North Bridgewater, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 5#346.08
Savage, Charles Tyler (1797-1879).Taken by W. H. Lane, Ayer, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 6#346.09
Alden, Judah (1750-1845).Taken by J. H. Williams, South Scituate, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 6#346.10
Palfrey, Francis Winthrop (1831-1889).Taken by Le Jeune, Paris.
Vol. 1Page 6#346.11
Thayer, Joseph H. J. (1801-1877).Taken by William H. Wardwell, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 6#346.12
Cummings, Prentiss (1840-1917).Taken by Bushby, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 7#346.13
Pickering, John (1808-1882).Taken by A. H. Smith, Salem, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 7#346.14
Torrey, William (1812-1891).Taken by Augustus Hatch, Bath, Me.
Vol. 1Page 7#346.15
Bullard, James (1813-1901).Taken by William H. Wardwell, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 8#346.16
Bailey, Adams (1789-1858).Taken by W. Kurtz, New York, N.Y.
Vol. 1Page 8#346.17
Bailey, Walter L. (b. 1858).Taken by Dana, New York, N.Y.
Vol. 1Page 8#346.18
Upham, Joseph B., Nov. 1880.Taken by Davis Brothers, Portsmouth, N.H.
Vol. 1Page 8#346.19
Bailey, Adams, Jr. (1818-1878).Taken by Whipple,Boston, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 9#346.20
Vose, Thomas S. (1836-1915).Taken by L. W. Cook, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 9#346.21
Haskins, David C., Jr. (1845-1926).Taken by A. Sonrel, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 9#346.22
Crocker, Samuel M. (1812-1879).Taken by William H. Wardwell, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 9#346.23
Bowles, Ralph Hart (1757-1813).Carte de visite of a silhouette taken by J. W. Black, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 10#346.24
Edwards, John (1802-1886).Taken by George E. Brown, Portland, Me.
Vol. 1Page 10#346.25
Greaton, John Wheelwright (1823-1897).Taken by A. W. Jordan, New York, N.Y.
Vol. 1Page 11#346.26
Jackson, Francis (1831-1905).Taken by Adams, Gloucester, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 12#346.27
Lawton, Charles O. (1857-1927).Taken by Dana, New York, N.Y.
Vol. 1Page 13#346.28
Crocker, Lewis C. (b. 1849).Taken by Russell, Lawrence, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 14#346.29
Perkins, John W. (1820-1911).Taken by Lamson, Portland, Me.
Vol. 1Page 15#346.30
Burnham, John W., 1889.Taken by L. D. Judkins, Bismarck, D.T.
Vol. 1Page 16#346.31
Lincoln, Benjamin (1733-1810).Photograph of a portrait by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 1Page 17-22
Blank.
Vol. 1Page 23#346.32
Palfrey, Francis Winthrop (1831-1889).Taken by J. Notman, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 24#346.33
Soren, John J. (1803-1889).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 1Page 25#346.34
Cobb, Samuel C. (1826-1891).Taken by A. Marshall, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 26#346.35
Homans, Charles D. (1826-1886).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 1Page 27#346.36
Jones, William F. (b. 1841).Taken by Charles M. Litchfield, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 28#346.37
Hooker, Zibeon (1751-1840).Photograph of a portrait taken by Stephen White, Framingham Centre, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 29#346.38
Wardwell, William H. (1820-1904).Taken by William H. Wardwell, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 30-34
Blank.
Vol. 1Page 35#346.39
Whiting, John (1760-1810).Photograph of a portrait taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 1Page 36#346.40
Edwards, Charles (b. 1826), 1890.Taken by M. F. King.
Vol. 1Page 37#346.41
Cushing, Wade (1862-1938).Taken by Bellsmith, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Vol. 1Page 38#346.42
Cobb, Samuel C. (1826-1891).Taken by J. W. Black & Co., Boston, Mass.
Vol. 1Page 39-40
Blank.

B. "The Cincinnati" Massachusetts Society, 1880

Arranged according to their order in the volume.

Album of cabinet photographs of members of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati.

Vol. 2Page 1#346.43
Thatcher, Henry Knox (1806-1880).Taken by Hardy, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 2Page 2#346.44
Homans, Charles D. (1826-1886).Taken by H. G. Smith, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 2Page 3#346.45
Lothrop, Samuel Kirkland (1804-1886).Taken by Warren's, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 2Page 4#346.46
Wolcott, Joshua Huntington (1804-1891).Taken by Sarony, New York, N.Y.
Vol. 2Page 5#346.47
Hunt, Henry Jackson (1819-1889).Taken by Barnard, Charleston, S.C.
Vol. 2Page 6#346.48
Greene, Benjamin H. (1802-1889), 1873.Taken by A. Marshall, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 2Page 7#346.49
Williams, Alexander (1818-1900).Taken by Marshall, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 2Page 8#346.50
Moseley, Edward S. (1812-1900).Taken by Meinerth, Newburyport, Mass.
Vol. 2Page 9#346.51
Bradford, Gamaliel (1831-1911).Taken by Hardy, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 2Page 10#346.52
Soren, John J. (1803-1889).Taken by Metcalf & Welldon, Boston, Mass.
Vol. 2Page 11#346.53
Townsend, Edward D. (1817-1893).Taken by Brady, Washington, D.C.
Vol. 2Page 12#346.54
Shaw, Francis G. (1809-1882).Taken by J. Loeffler, Staten Island, N.Y.
Vol. 2Page 13#346.55
Whiting, William D. (1823-1894).Taken by Brady, Washington, D.C.
Vol. 2Page 14#346.56
Moore, John W. (1832-1913).Taken by Bigelow, Plattsburgh, N.Y.
Vol. 2Page 15#346.57
Shute, Daniel (1817-1890).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 2Page 16#346.58
Hodge, J. Russell (1847-1890).Taken by Notman & Campbell, Boston.
Vol. 2Page 17#346.59
Wild, Charles T. (1818-1908).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 2Page 18#346.60
Lincoln, Benjamin (1832-1899).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 2Page 19#346.61
Seward, Richard T. (1827-1908).Taken by Kimball, Boston.
Vol. 2Page 20#346.62
Peters, John L. (1831-1896).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 2Page 21#346.63
O'Brien, Edward K. (1833-1899).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 2Page 22#346.64
Edwards, John (1802-1886).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 2Page 23#346.65
Richardson, George D. (b. 1823).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 2Page 24#346.66
Chase, William (1813-1885).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 2Page 25#346.67
Arnold, Leonard (1817-1896).Taken by C. B. Cheney, Somerville, Mass.
Vol. 2Page 26#346.68
Daveis, John Taylor Gilman (1816-1873).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 2Page 27#346.69
Bailey, Bernard O. (1796-1876).Taken by J. C. Higgins, Bath, Maine.
Vol. 2Page 28#346.70
Baylies, Edmund (1787-1878).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 2Page 29#346.71
Doland, John J. (1826-1884).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 2Page 30#346.72
Burbeck, William H. (1823-1905).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 2Page 31#346.73
Baury, Frederic F. (1843-1888), 1877.Taken by Metcalf & Welldon, Boston.
Vol. 2Page 32#346.74
Bowles, Leonard C. (1796-1876).Taken by Partridge, Boston.
Vol. 2Page 33#346.75
Sikes, Henry Knox (1841-1917), 1897.Taken by C. R. Gibson, Peoria, Ill.
Vol. 2Page 34#346.76
Trumbull, George C. (1818-1885).Taken by A. Marshall, Boston.
Vol. 2Page 35#346.77
Vose, James G. (1830-1908).Taken by L. Wright, Providence, R.I.
Vol. 2Page 36#346.78
Bradford, Robert F. (1836-1892).Taken by Cook, Portsmouth, N.H.
Vol. 2Page 37#346.79
Clapp, Joel (1793-1861).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 2Page 38#346.80
Preble, William Pitt (1819-1911).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Vol. 2Page 39#346.81
Smith, William H. (b. 1824).Taken by M. F. King.
Vol. 2Page 40#346.82
Lawton, Alfred W. (b. 1849).Taken by Hargrave, New York, N.Y.

II. Loose photographs

This series contains portraits of members, as well as photographs of society-related memorabilia and activities.

Portraits arranged alphabetically.

Box 1#346.83
Bailey, Walter L. (b. 1858).Taken by Dana, New York, N.Y.
Box 1#346.84
Casey, Silas (1807-1882) [engraving].Engraved by J. C. Buttre.
Box 1#346.85a-h
Chase, William (1813-1885).Carte de visite by William Wardwell, Boston.
Box 1#346.86a-c
Chase, William (1813-1885).Cabinet card copies of #346.85 by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.87
Cobb, Samuel C. (1826-1891).Engraving by F. T. Stuart.
Box 1#346.88
Cogswell, Amos (1752-1826).Photograph of a portrait by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.89
Crocker, Lewis C. (b. 1849), 4 July 1913.Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.90a-b
Crocker, Samuel M. (1812-1879).Taken by William H. Wardwell, Boston.
Box 1#346.91
Cushing, Wade, 24 June 1896.Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.92a-b
Doland, John J. (1826-1884).Carte de visite taken by William H. Wardwell, Boston.
Box 1#346.93a-d
Doland, John J. (1826-1884).Cabinet card copies of #346.92 by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.94a-h
Edwards, John (1802-1886).Taken by William H. Wardwell, Boston.
Box 1#346.95a-d
Homans, Charles D. (1826-1886).Taken by William H. Wardwell, Boston.
Box 1#346.96a-e
Homans, Charles D. (1826-1886).Taken by William H. Wardwell, Boston.
Box 1#346.97
Jackson, Ebenezer (1763-1837).Photograph of a portrait taken by Hennigar.
Box 1#346.98
Jackson, Ebenezer, Jr. (1796-1874).Photograph of a portrait taken by Hennigar.
Box 1#346.99
Johnston, John (1753-1818).Cabinet card copy of a portrait taken by Metcalf & Welldon, Boston.
Box 1#346.100a-c
Lincoln, Benjamin (1832-1899).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.101
Mooers, Benjamin (1758-1838).Photograph of a portrait taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.102a-b
O'Brien, Edward K. (1833-1899).Carte de visite taken by William H. Wardwell; cabinet photograph copy by unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.103
Peirce, Henry A. (1808-1885).Taken by I. W. Taber, San Francisco, Calif.
Box 1#346.104a-d
Peters, John L. (1831-1896).Taken by William H. Wardwell, Boston.
Box 1#346.105a-c
Richardson, George D. (b. 1823).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.106a-c
Seward, Richard T. (1827-1908).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.107
Shaw, Robert G. (1776-1853).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.108a-b
Soren, John J. (1803-1889).Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.109a-g
Thayer, Joseph H. J. (1801-1877).Taken by William H. Wardwell, Boston.
Box 1#346.110
Weld, Charles J.Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.111
Unidentified man.Taken by Scholl, Philadelphia, Pa.
Box 1#346.112
Unidentified man.Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.113
Unidentified man.Taken by Allen & Rowell, Boston.
Box 1#346.114
Unidentified man.Taken by Saxe, Plainview, Minn.
Box 1#346.115
Unidentified man.Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.116
Unidentified man.Taken by Allen & Rowell, Boston.
Box 1#346.117
Delegates of the American Flag Association laying a wreath at the statue of George Washington in Trafalgar Square, 7 July 1931.Taken by Wide World Photos.
Box 1#346.118
Anne Madison Washington, C. Bascom Slemp and Charles H. Burke examining plans for the reproduction of Mt. Vernon for the French Colonial exposition, 9 Dec. 1930.Taken by Underwood & Underwood, Washington, D.C.
Box 1#346.119
Memorial to Admiral DeGrasse in Paris.Taken by Underwood & Underwood, New York, N.Y.
Box 1#346.121
Portrait of George Washington by Stuart.Taken by Wide World Photos, San Francisco.
Box 1#346.122
Hanson E. Ely, Bishop Manning, Charles S. Whitman, Rear Admiral Reginald R. Belknap and General Cornelius Vanderbilt at reception for Ely, 24 Nov. 1931.Taken by Wide World Photos.
Box 1#346.123
Line drawing of "Wakefield," the birthplace of George Washington.Taken by Wide World Photos.
Box 1#346.124
Interior view of the kitchen at Washington's headquarters at Valley Forge.Taken by Underwood & Underwood, New York, N.Y.
Box 1#346.125
Monument marking the birthplace of George Washington at Wakefield, Va.Taken by Virginia State Chamber of Commerce.
Box 1#346.126-346.133
Meeting of the Association des Anciens Combattants des Service Cheminots de l'armee, 25 Oct. 1950.Taken by L'Echo-Liberte, Lyon, France.
Box 1#346.134-346.135
Photographs of manuscripts related to the Society of the Cincinnati.Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.136
Medal presented to Major John Berrien by George Washington.Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.137
Recto and verso of Society of the Cincinnati medal.Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.138
Centennial plate of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati.Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.139
Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati diploma awarded to Winthrop Sargent.Taken by an unidentified photographer.
Box 1#346.140a-b
Home of General Knox [photograph of an engraving].Taken by an unidentified photographer.

III. Oversize photographs, 1923-1995

OS Box 1#346.141
Reception given to members of the Society of the Cincinnati by Henry A. duPont, Winterthur, Delaware, 11 May 1923.Taken by an unidentified photographer.Rolled photograph, torn in two. Very fragile.
OS Box 1#346.142
Reception given to members of the Society of the Cincinnati at Princeton, 16 May 1926.Taken by an unidentified photographer.Rolled photograph, fragile.
OS Box 1#346.143
150th anniversary dinner of the New York Society of the Cincinnati, 12 May 1933.Taken by Charles Latere, New York, N.Y.Rolled photograph, fragile.
OS Box 1#346.144
Triennial meeting of the Society of the Cincinnati, Hotel Plaza, 10 May 1935.Taken by Drucker & Baltz, New York, N.Y.Rolled photograph, fragile.
OS Box 1#346.145-346.607
The Society of the Cincinnati 1995 Triennial Meeting album, 18-21 May 1995.Taken by F. Gorham Brigham III.

Album containing 463 color photographs taken during the course of the Triennial Meeting and presented to the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati by the photographer.

IV. Glass plate negatives

24 medium glass plate negatives in 1 box.

This series contains glass negatives for several of the portraits included in the albums and loose photographs.

These photographs are restricted.

Please note that glass plate negatives are stored in a separate collection: Glass plates/lantern slides (Photo. Coll. 6.22M).

Glass plate negatives, glass plate positives, and lantern slides of any size are not available for research use. Copy photographs or scans may be available for alternative viewing. Consult the Reference Librarian for more information.

#346.608-346.631#6.22.1M-6.22.24M
Glass plate negatives of member photographs.

Negatives available for portraits of Leonard Arnold, Edmund Baylies, William Chase, John Doland, John Edwards, Benjamin Lincoln, Edward K. O'Brien, J. L. Peters, George D. Richardson, Richard Seward, John Soren, J. H. J. Thayer, and Charles J. Weld.

Preferred Citation

Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati photographs, Massachusetts Historical Society.

Access Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in ABIGAIL, the online catalog of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Researchers desiring materials about related persons, organizations, or subjects should search the catalog using these headings.

Persons:

Marshall, Augustus, -1916, photographer.
Wardwell, William H., photographer.

Organizations:

Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati--Membership--Photographs.
Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati--Artifacts--Photographs.
Metcalf & Welldon, photographers.

Subjects:

Cabinet photographs.
Cartes de visite.
Men--Societies and Clubs--Photographs.
Patriotic societies--Massachusetts--Photographs.