Immigration and Urban History Seminar Panel Discussion: 19th-century Immigration, Nativism, and Politics 30 April 2013.Tuesday, 5:15PM - 7:30PM Millington Bergeson-Lockwood, George Mason University, and Mimi Cowan, Boston College Comment: Evelyn Sterne, University of Rhode Island

This discussion will focus on two papers, “Honorable Citizens, Ethnic Militias in Chicago, 1855-1879,” by Mimi Cowan of Boston College, and "African American and Irish Political Coalitions in Boston, Massachusetts, 1881-1890,” by Millington Bergeson-Lockwood of George Mason University. Cowan’s paper highlights the ways in which participation in volunteer military groups sometimes helped immigrants to combat nativism and, at other times, fueled nativists’ concerns about foreigners. Bergeson-Lockwood’s paper identifies three areas where African Americans and Irish immigrants established coalitions and laid claim, not only to a historic resistance to oppression, but also to participation in the founding events of the United States.