2. Province Charter of 1691, 1 A&R
20, set out in pertinent part in No. 55, Doc. III, text
. England had relied on colonial masts through most of the 17th century, but the Charter of 1691 was the first formal effort at regulation. It seems to have resulted from a combination of pressures exerted by the commencement of hostilities with the French and a mercantilist desire to protect the English woolen industry by encouraging colonial initiatives in other directions. Albion, Forests and Sea Power
233–240. Compare Board of Trade to Governor Shute, 16 Aug. 1722,
Cal. State Papers (Col.)
, 1722–1723, §263. Although there was no enforcement provision in the Charter, actions under it were brought in the common-law courts. See materials cited in Albion, Forests and Sea Power
265 note; Usher to Secretary of State, 25 Nov. 1710, 9 Maine Hist. Soc., Colls.
(2d ser.) 305 (1907).