A website from the Massachusetts Historical Society; founded 1791.




Founded by Samuel de Champlain in 1608, the city of Quebec stood on a bluff overlooking the St. Lawrence River, the main route into Canada. Its vital location made Quebec the most important city in French Canada, and French merchants filled the lower town, between the river and the bluffs, with their homes and warehouses. The citadel and public buildings dominated the upper town, which stood on the bluffs 300 feet above the river. These cliffs provided natural protection against an attack from the water, but on the land side a large open plain extended beyond the city walls. An enemy approaching from this direction would have a much greater chance of victory.

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Image Map

“A Plan of Quebec.

Titles of two inset maps:
"The Port & Environs of Quebec" and "A Draught of Part of the River St. Lawrence."

London: Published by E. Oakley, 1759.
Dimensions of entire sheet: 21 3/4 X 15 1/8 inches.
Dimensions of image: 19 7/8 X 12 3/4 inches.
Plate [no number] from Atlas Des Colonies Angloises en Amerique (after 1777). [Title of atlas taken from manuscript title page.]

Click here to view citiations for all of the maps.