A website from the Massachusetts Historical Society; founded 1791.




This plate, the upper-right corner of John Mitchell's "A Map of the British and French Dominions in North America...," depicts the northeastern-most regions of the continent, which England and France had divided between them by the 18th century. The Treaty of Utrecht (1713) established British title to Newfoundland and Nova Scotia; Isle Royale (Cape Breton) remained French, as did Isle St. Jean (Prince Edward Island). The areas bordering the Bay of Fundy and the Northumberland Strait continued to be occupied by French settlers commonly referred to as Acadians. In order to better protect their concessions in the Treaty of Utrecht, the French built a fortress at Louisbourg. The English responded by establishing a strong naval base at Halifax in 1749.

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[Map of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.] One plate from “A Map of the British and French Dominions in North America with the Roads, Distances, Limits, and Extent of the Settlements Humbly Inscribed to the Right Honourable The Earl of Halifax and the Other Right Honourable The Lords Commissioners For Trade and Plantations by their Lordships Most Obliged and very Humble Servant Jn. Mitchell.

Engraving by Thomas Kitchin.
London: Published by John Mitchell, 1755.
Dimensions of entire sheet: 21 13/16 X 29 3/16 inches.
Dimensions of image: 19 X 26 inches.
Plate number 5 from Atlas Des Colonies Angloises en Amerique (after 1777). [Title of atlas taken from manuscript title page.]

Click here to view citations for all of the maps.